Activated Charcoal

Activated Charcoal Record from Hot Sauce Survey

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Ingredient NameActivated Charcoal
Ingredient Type Food Coloring Flavors & Flavor Enhancer
Wikipedia SummaryActivated carbon, also called activated charcoal, is a form of carbon processed to have small, low-volume pores that increase the surface area available for adsorption or chemical reactions. Due to its high degree of microporosity, one gram of activated carbon has a surface area in excess of 3,000 m2 (32,000 sq ft) as determined by gas adsorption. As all of the pore volume may not be available for adsorption in a particular waste water application, and as some of the adsorbate may enter smaller pores, it is not a good measure of the worth of a particular activated carbon for a specific application. Modification of properties and reactivity == Acid-base, oxidation-reduction and specific adsorption characteristics are strongly dependent on the composition of the surface functional groups.The surface of conventional activated carbon is reactive, capable of oxidation by atmospheric oxygen and oxygen plasma steam, and also carbon dioxide and ozone.Oxidation in the liquid phase is caused by a wide range of reagents (HNO3, H2O2, KMnO4).Through the formation of a large number of basic and acidic groups on the surface of oxidized carbon to sorption and other properties can differ significantly from the unmodified forms.Activated carbon can be nitrogenated by natural products or polymers or processing of carbon with nitrogenating reagents.Activated carbon can interact with chlorine, bromine and fluorine.Surface of activated carbon, like other carbon materials can be fluoralkylated by treatment with (per)fluoropolyether peroxide in a liquid phase, or with wide range of fluoroorganic substances by CVD-method. It is reported about synthesis of activated carbon with chemically grafted superacid sites –CF2SO3H.Some of the chemical properties of activated carbon have been attributed to presence of the surface active carbon double bond.The Polyani adsorption theory is a popular method for analyzing adsorption of various organic substances to their surface.
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Date Added1 Year, 3 Months Ago
Date Last Updated7 Months, 3 Weeks Ago
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