Monosodium L-glutamate

Monosodium L-glutamate Record from Hot Sauce Survey

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Ingredient NameMonosodium L-glutamate
Ingredient Type Flavors & Flavor Enhancer
Wikipedia SummaryMonosodium glutamate (MSG), also known as sodium glutamate, is the sodium salt of glutamic acid. MSG is used in cooking as a flavor enhancer with an umami taste that intensifies the meaty, savory flavor of food, as naturally occurring glutamate does in foods such as stews and meat soups.MSG was first prepared in 1908 by Japanese biochemist Kikunae Ikeda, who was trying to isolate and duplicate the savory taste of kombu, an edible seaweed used as a base for many Japanese soups. It is a popular belief that MSG can cause headaches and other feelings of discomfort, known as 'Chinese restaurant syndrome', but blinded studies show no such effects when MSG is combined with food in normal concentrations, and are inconclusive when MSG is added to broth in large concentrations. Specifically MSG in the diet does not increase glutamate in the brain or affect brain function.A 1995 report from the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB) for the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) concluded that MSG is safe when 'eaten at customary levels' and, although a subgroup of otherwise-healthy individuals develop an MSG symptom complex when exposed to 3 g of MSG in the absence of food, MSG as a cause has not been established because the symptom reports are anecdotal.According to the report, no data supports the role of glutamate in chronic disease. Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ) MSG technical report concludes, 'There is no convincing evidence that MSG is a significant factor in causing systemic reactions resulting in severe illness or mortality. The studies conducted to date on Chinese restaurant syndrome (CRS) have largely failed to demonstrate a causal association with MSG. Symptoms resembling those of CRS may be provoked in a clinical setting in small numbers of individuals by the administration of large doses of MSG without food. However, such effects are neither persistent nor serious and are likely to be attenuated when MSG is consumed with food. In terms of more serious adverse effects such as the triggering of bronchospasm in asthmatic individuals, the evidence does not indicate that MSG is a significant trigger factor.
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Recipes Using This (1)
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Ingredients Used With This Ingredient (28)
Peppers Used With This Ingredient (5)
Date Added1 Year, 7 Months Ago
Date Last Updated6 Months, 2 Weeks Ago
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